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《Modern Preventive Medicine》 2019-17
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Epidemic characteristics of other infectious diarrhea in Xi’an,2010-2018

ZHANG Hui;XIE Long;KOU Ling-ling;LI Jiang-bo;Infectious Disease Control Department,Xi'an Center for Disease Control and Prevention;  
Objective To explore the epidemic characteristics and pathogenic features of other infectious diarrhea from 2010 to 2018 in Xi'an City,so as to provide scientific basis for prevention and control strategies.Methods The data of other infectious diarrhea in Xi'an(2010-2018)were analyzed by descriptive epidemiological method.Results Totally 72 131 cases of another infectious diarrhea were reported,with the annual average incidence rate of 92.49/10 000,and it had an upward trend.The laboratory diagnostic rate of reported cases was 47.45%,and it also showed an upward trend.The peak season was in November through December and January.In total,28 724 cases(39.82%)were reported during the peak period.The morbidity in central districts(132.26/10 000)was higher than those in suburban districts(50.57/10 000).Scattered children were the largest proportion among the reported cases and increased year by year.The highest incidence rate of age was 0-year-old group(4 523.33/10 000),followed by 1-year-old group(2 553.92/10 000).There were 17,197 cases with definite etiology,accounting for 23.84%.In all cases with definite etiology,virus infection accounted for 98.32 %,of which rotavirus accounted for 93.88%.Less than1-year-old group accounted for 92.04%,and scattered children accounted for 97.90%,while the peak season was in winter.Bacterial infection accounted for 1.61%,of which,less than 1-year-old group accounted for 65.70%,scattered children accounted for 88.09%,and the peak season were in summer and autumn.331 severe cases were reported,and the definite etiology of 13 severe cases was rotavirus.Among the 10 death cases,all of them were not diagnosed by etiology,of which 8 cases were scattered children.Conclusion The main population of other infectious diarrhea cases are scattered children.The incidence is highest in winter.Rotavirus is the leading cause of the reported cases.Other infectious diarrhea is one of the infectious diseases that should be focused on in Xi'an City.Control measures focusing on the target people should be taken in the high-incidence areas,so that the incidence can be reduced effectively.
【CateGory Index】: R181.3
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