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《Chinese Journal of School Health》 2014-02
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Situation of child neglect between left-behind children and living-with-parents children in rural areas of China

YANG Wen-juan;PAN Jian-ping;YANG Wu-yue;School of Public Health,Medicine College of Xi 'an Jiaotong University;  
Objective To study the situation of child neglect between left-behind children and non-left-behind in the rural pupils of China and to provide scientific basis for targeted intervention measures. Methods By using multistage stratified cluster sampling method,from the 9 provinces( municipalities directly under the central government),6 to 11 years of age elementary students( 7 887 people) were randomly extracted from the national rural,including 6 to 8 years of 3 819 and 9 to 11 years of 4 068 respectively. Scales and evaluation methods in the " Chinese rural 6- 8 years children neglected evaluation model" and the " Chinese rural 9- 11 years children neglected evaluation model" were used in this study. Results Among the 7 887 children,the leftbehind children were 34. 1%( 1 301 /3 819) in the 6- 8 years old group( the total neglect rate: 40. 2%,the total neglect degrees: 46. 02 ± 8. 87) and 40. 5%( 1 646 /4 068) in the 9- 11 years old group( the total neglect rate: 42. 5%,the total neglect degrees: 44. 79 ± 10. 44). In the 6- 8 years old group,the neglect rates for left-behind children and living-with parents were respectively 48. 5% and 35. 7%( P 0. 01),and the neglect degree were respectively 47. 64 ± 9. 44 and 45. 34 ± 8. 53( P 0. 01). In boy's group,the degrees of these two kinds of children were 48. 08 ± 9. 53 and 45. 52 ± 8. 32( P 0. 01); In girl's group,the degrees of these two kinds of children were 47. 21 ± 9. 34 and 45. 15 ± 8. 75( P 0. 01). In the 9- 11 years old group,the neglect rates for left-behind children and living-with parents were respectively 49. 7% and 37. 4%( P 0. 01),and the neglect degree were respectively 46. 61 ± 10. 58 and 43. 61 ± 10. 17( P 0. 01). In boy's group,the degrees of these two kinds of children were 44. 38 ± 10. 04 and 47. 33 ± 9. 96( P 0. 01); In girl's group,the degrees of these two kinds of children were 45. 90 ± 11. 10 and 42. 81 ± 10. 21( P 0. 01). Conclusion The situation of children neglect in the rural pupils of China is serious. Both the neglect rate and neglect degree in left-behind children are higher than non-left-behind children. The situation of children neglect in rural areas of China should get more attentions in the extensive solicitude of government and people.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(81172688)
【CateGory Index】: R179
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