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《Chinese Journal of School Health》 2015-08
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Analysis on relevant risk factors of neglect for rural pupils aged 6-11 in Jiamusi

ZHU Li-ling;HUO Ting-ting;XU Hong-mei;Public Health School of Jiamusi University;  
Objective To survey risk factors of neglect for rural pupils aged 6-11 in Jiamusi,so as to provide a basis for performing scientific intervention measures. Methods A total of 1 242 pupils( of whom males are 46.70%) were multistage stratified randomly sampled from Jiamusi. They were investigated by Evaluation Questionnaire of Child Neglect of Rural Pupil Aged 6-11 years in China. Single factor analysis was conducted by test( Chi-Square) and multi-factorial analysis was conducted by binary logistic regression. Results The average neglect frequency and degree of pupils aged 6-8 were 52.56% and 48.01±8.69,the average neglect frequency and degree of 9-11 were 53.25% and 47.15± 9.92. The average neglect frequency and degree of male were higher than female's( P0.01). Single factor analysis,binary logistic analysis and multiple linear regression showed that the main risk factors of pupils aged 6- 8 included sex and ages of pupils,mothers ' ages,mothers ' education background,cycles of patents' coming home,types of family,numbers in family,relationship with their fathers and relationship between parents( P 0.05). Sex of pupil,mothers' education background,number of children in the family,relation between child and his / her parent,relation between father and mother were the main risk factors for pupils aged 9-11( P0.05). Conclusion The current neglect state of rural pupils in Jiamusi is serious and there are many risk factors. The main risk factors are parents' education backgrounds,family structure,economic condition of the family and cycles of patents' coming home. The neglect frequency of left-behind children are higher than others.
【Fund】: 佳木斯大学科研重点项目(Sz2013-008);; 黑龙江省大学生创新创业训练计划项目(201410222017)
【CateGory Index】: G449
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