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《Desert and Oasis Meteorology》 2014-02
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Influence of Station and Instruments Change on Wind Speed Data in Alashankou

SUN Lei;FU Xiaohui;ZHANG Jinzhu;Alashankou Meteorological Bureau;Urumqi Meteorological Bureau;  
Alashankou is a famous gale gate and the station has been moved many times as well as instruments has been changed many times. To check consistency of wind data in Alashankou area is very necessary. In this article M-K mutation and standard deviation methods with significant variations analysis method on Alashankou wind data for its' speed sequence was used. The conclusionis as follows. The variation of 54 years annual average wind speed showed catastrophe in2004, then sharply decreased in Alashankou meteorological station. After test, it showed that the new and the old wind data can be statistically combined so that the station relocation did not cause wind speed catastrophe. The wind speed data measured by new installed automatic wind detecting instrument in 2004 was larger than the manual measurement. This increase was opposite to the sudden decrease in 2004. The variation curve of wind speed in Alashankou meteorological station was opposite to that of adjacent comparisonable station. The investigation showed the catastrophe was not directly caused by instrument replacement or climate change, it related to the large area shelter belt planted in the upwind direction of Alashankou meteorological station during 2004-2005.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金面上项目(41075050);; 科技部公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY201006012);; 国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAC23B01)共同资助
【CateGory Index】: P412.16
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