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《Journal of Xinjiang Medical University》 2018-10
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Investigation and analysis on nutrition knowledge,attitudes and practices in university students with different BMI

QI Lei;ZHANG Ying;LI Hongjie;WANG Meng;WU Shuang;LI Fang;LI Gang;School of Public Health,Qiqihar Medical University;Department of Nutrition,Jianhua Hospital;School of Adults and Continuing Education,Qiqihar Medical University;  
Objective To provide a basis of for systematic nutritional education in university students with different BMI,the status of nutritional knowledge,attitudes,and practices were investigated.Methods A total of 960 students were sampled using cluster random sampling method in Grade 1 to Grade 3 students from a medical university of Qiqihar.Questionnaire survey includes personal basic information,nutritional knowledge,attitude and behavior,and physical examination includes height and weight were implemented among those students.Results(1)Among the 960 objectives,142 were thin,598 were normal,141 were overweight and 79 were obese.There were significant differences in BMI population composition among students of different genders and places of origin(P 0.05).The proportion of underweight girls(18.90%)was higher than that of boys(8.88%).The proportion of overweight boys(23.10%)was higher than that of girls(8.83%).The proportion of obesity in urban students(10.00%)was higher than that in rural students(5.85%).(2)The scores of nutritional knowledge and behavior of overweight and obese people were significantly different to those of normal BMI.The scores of nutritional attitude of overweight people were significantly different to those of normal BMI people(P 0.05).(3)The accuracy rate of underweight and normal weight students in answering nutritional knowledge questions was higher than that of overweight and obese students.Students with normal body mass had a higher positive nutritional attitude.With the increase of BMI,the proportion of unhealthy eating habits and behaviors increased among overweight and obese people.Conclusion The systematic education of nutritional knowledge in overweight and obese people should be strengthened,through which those students needs to correct the unreasonable dietary patterns to control their body weight.
【Fund】: 齐齐哈尔医学院科研基金面上项目(QY2016M-17);齐齐哈尔医学院青年科研基金项目(QY2017Q-11)
【CateGory Index】: R151.42
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