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《Journal of Educational Studies》 2018-05
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The “Cautiousness” of Zhongyong and Its Related Issues

YU Shu-sheng;Faculty of Education,Beijing Normal University;  
"Junzi is cautious when is alone"(Cautiousness)is an important proposition of the Confucian theory of Moral Cultivation of the Zhongyong;it is also an important topic causing controversy in Chinese academic history.By focusing on the main divergences displayed by ancient and modern interpreters,and following the principle of interpreting Zhongyong by referring to the text of the Zhongyong,interpreting Confucian Classics by referring to texts of Classic,it is argued in this paper that"Cautiousness"is a significant part of the complete Moral Effort of Sincerity(namely the moral effort of Vigilance).The theoretical premise of Cautiousness is "there is nothing more visible than what is secret,and nothing more manifest than what is minute";the basic connotation is to purify one's intentions and feelings;and the practical resource of personal effort is Li(the Rule of Propriety).Zhu Xi's interpretation which was basedon his"Preserving and Watchfulness"framework(i.e.,Giving full development of one's heart to nourish the moral nature,and watching over any wicked intentions),not only deviates from the original meaning of Zhongyong,but also has the inherent defect,which misguides the approachable Confucian theory of Self Cultivation to the mysterious realm.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金重点课题《先秦儒家“意义—感通”的教化哲学研究》(课题批准号:15AZX009)的系列成果之一
【CateGory Index】: B222.1
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