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《Psychological Science》 2003-06
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A Comparative Study on the Selective Attention Processing Mechanism Between Students Good at Learning and Students with Learning Difficulties

Jin Zhicheng 1, Chen Caiqi 1,2, Liu Xiaoming 2 ( 1 Department of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631; ( 2 Department of Psychology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun l30024)  
In strictly controlled conditions, by using positive priming and negative priming as techniques, this study examined the differences of the selective attention processing mechanism-target activation and distractor inhibition between students good at learning and students with learning difficulties. It further explored the problems of students with learning difficulties the in the selective attention processing mechanism. The results showed that, for target activation, there was no significant difference in the positive priming effect between the two groups (p0. 05); while for distractor inhibition, the good students had a much more significant negative priming effect than the students with learning difficulties (p0. 001). The results sugguested that students with learning difficulties were more easily interfered with by distractors in their response to targets, and their ability to inhibit distractor interference was poorer, which indicated that we should put more emphasis on the training of the ability to inhibit distractor interference of students with learning difficulties.
【Fund】: 东北师范大学青年科学基金资助
【CateGory Index】: B842
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