Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Journal of Psychological Science》 2012-01
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

The Prototype Position Effect in Inventional Problem-Solving

Zhu Haixue, Luo Junlong, Yang Chunjuan, Qiu Jiang, Zhang Qinglin (School of Psychology, Southwest University, Key Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, Ministry of Education, Beibei, Chongqing, 400715)  
There are two influential hypotheses pertaining to the cognitive mechanisim of insight, which is the focus of current research on insight problem solving: (1) the representation changing hypothesis; and (2) the progress monitoring hypothesis. Based on these hypotheses, Zhang Qinglin proposed that in reality, insight should be caused by "prototypal events activation" ; it suggests that the key to solving insight problems is to activate the "prototypal event" correctly and gain " key heuristic information" under experimental conditions. Based on Zhang’s hypothesis, this study was designed to investigate the prototype position effect in inventional problem-solving using inventional problem material. We hypothesized that (1) the main effect of the prototype position reached asignificantlevel; (2) different abilitities of inventional problem-solving might affect prototype position effects; (3) different creative tendencies might affect prototype position effects; (4) different elicitations might affect prototype position effects and creativity. In order to test these hypotheses, we adopted a "one--one" paradigm. In this study, the prototype position contains post-prototype and former-prototype. The participants were divided into two groups. In the first group, the participants were asked to investigate 18 former-prototype inventional problems first and then investigate 18 post-prototype inventional problems. The second group was opposite: the participants were asked to study 18 post-prototype inventional problems first and then study 18 former-prototype inventional problems. The instruments used in the experiments were the Williams Creativity Assessment Packet(CAP), 36 inventional problems and SPSS 17.0 for statistical analyses. The results showed that under the experimental condition, the main effect of the prototype position reached a significant level; the prototype position effect was affected by the creative tendency which was measured by Williams Creativity Assessment Packet; the prototype position effect was also affected by the the inventional problem-solving ability which was divided by inventional problem-solving score; however, no significant influence of elicitation on the prototype position effect was found, whereas the interation effect of elicitation and creativity reached a significant level. Therefore, we concluded as follows: (1) the main effect of the prototype position reached a significant level, and the mean inventional problem-solving score for post-prototype was higher than for former-prototype, which indicated that the post-prototype activated heuristic information in prototypal matters and the former-prototype activated the whole prototype; (2) the prototype position effect was affected by creative tendency, and was more significantly affected by the decreasing of the amount of creative tendency; (3) the interation effect of prototype position and elicitation was not significant, but different creative individuals were greatly affected by elicitation and the low-creative group was more enlightened; (4) significant relationships between inventional problem-solving score and creative tendency score were observed and they revealed the same effect in the prototype position effect, which indicated that the experimental material possessed a certain creativity.
【Fund】: 西南大学国家重点学科“基础心理学”项目(西国重NSKD08002);; 国家自然科学基金项目(30800293)资助
【CateGory Index】: B842
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 9 Hits
1 WANG Li-yong~1 LI Xiao-ping~2 ZHANG Jin-xiu~2 (1.School of Politics and Law, Bohai University, Jinzhou Liaoning 121000, China; 2.School of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China);A Study on Characteristics of College Students’Creative Tendency[J];Health Medicine Research and Practice in Higher Institutions;2006-03
2 ZHOU Hong,ZHANG Qing-lin (Department of Psychology; Southwest China Normal University, Chongqing 400715,China);The Study on Biological Bases of Creativity[J];Journal of Southwest China Normal University(Philosophy & Social Sciences Edition);2002-01
3 WU Zhen-zhen QIU Jiang ZHANG Qing-lin (School of Psychology,Southwest University,Key laboratory of personality and cognition,Ministry of Education,Beibei,Chongqing 400715,China);Exploring the Mechanism for Prototype Elicitation Effect in Insight[J];Psychological Development and Education;2008-01
4 Zhang Qinglin, Qiu Jiang(School of Psychology, Southwest China Normal University, Chongqing, 400715);Insight and Activation of Heuristic Information in Prototypal Matters[J];Psychological Science;2005-01
5 Cao Guikang,Yang Dong,Zhang Qinglin(School of Psychology,Southwest University,Key laboratory of Personality and Cognition,Chongqing,400715);Activation of Prototypal Matters in Insight Problem Solving:an Automatic or Controllable Processing?[J];Psychological Science;2006-05
6 Ren Guofang,Qiu Jiang,Cao Guikang,Zhang Qinglin(School of Psychology,Southwest China University,Chongqing,400715);Testing Two Cognitive Theories of Insight[J];Psychological Science;2007-05
7 Zhang Lihua1,2,Hu Linghong1,Bai Xuejun2(1 School of Education,Liaoning Normal University,Dalian,116029)(2 Academy of Psychology and Behavior,Tianjin Normal University,Tianjin,300074);Experiments on the Relationship Between Creative Thinking and Inhibition Ability with Negative Priming of Chinese Characters[J];Psychological Science;2008-03
8 CHEN Li, ZHANG Qing-Lin,YAN Xia, ZHANG Ying, LIAO Xiang-Hui, CHENYi( Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality(SWU) , Ministry of Education,Chongqing 400715, China);The Emotion Promoting Effect in the Logogriph Activation of Chinese Characters[J];Acta Psychologica Sinica;2008-02
9 LIU Chun-Lei, WANG Min, ZHANG Qing-Lin (School of psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China);Neural Mechanism of Creative Thinking[J];Advances in Psychological Science;2009-01
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 ZHANG Jian-ping ( Department of Education, Nantong Teacher's College, Nantong 226007, China );On Psychological Obstacles to the Development of College Students' Creativity[J];Journal of Beijing Polytechnic University Social Sciences Edition;2003-01
2 LI Jun (Institute of Vocational and Adult Education, Beijing Academy of Educational Sciences Research,Beijing\ 100101, China);The Study of Adult Learning ——The Interrelated Research Report of Adult Intelligence Quiz Creative Ability and School Record[J];Journal of Beijing Union University;2001-02
3 CAI Ke-yong (National Center for Education Development Research, Beijing 100816, China);Improving Campus Culture to Cultivate the Creativity of the Students[J];Peking University Education Review;2004-02
4 Shen Deli, Wang Jingxin Research Center of Psychology and Behavior in Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300074;DEVELOPMENTAL EXPERIMENT ON LOCAL NEGATIVE PRIMING OF INHIBITION IN SELECTIVE ATTENTION[J];Studies of Psychology and Behavior;2003-01
5 LIU Ai-yu (School of Education, Hubei Univeraity, Wuhan, Hubei 430062, China);Reflection on the factors influencing College Student's innovative Ability[J];Journal of Hubei University(Philosophy and Social Sciences);2003-04
6 ZHU Xiao hong (The Educational Institute of Nanjing Normal Univ.,Nanjing 210097,China);The Relationship between the Types of Learning Motivation and the Tendency of Creativeness[J];Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science Edition);2001-06
7 JIA Li-zhai(Education College, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450002, Henan, China);Exploring and Analying College Students' Creation Ability Cultivation[J];Journal of North China Institute of Water Conservancy and Hydroelectric Power;2004-03
8 ZHANG Qing-lin (Department of Psychology, Southwest China Normal University, Chongqing 400715,China);Researches on Mental Mechanisms of Human Thinking[J];Journal of Southwest China Normal University(Philosophy & Social Sciences Edition);2000-06
9 LI Xiao-ping~1,ZHANG Qing-lin~1,HE Hong-bo~2 (1.The School of Psychology,Southwest University,Chongqing 400715,China;2.Chongqing Baxian Middle School,Chongqing 401320,China);The Developmental Research on Creative Inclination of Middle School Students[J];Journal of Southwest China Normal University(Philosophy & Social Sciences Edition);2005-06
10 WANG Jing-xin SHEN De-li(Research Center of Psychology & Behavior, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300074);Developmental Researches on Identity Negative Priming of Chinese Characters[J];Psychological Development and Education;2003-02
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved