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《Journal of Psychological Science》 2013-06
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Spatial-temporal Association of Response Codes Effect:Evidence from Manual and Saccadic Responses

Yang Linlin;Zhang Zhijie;Gu Yanyan;Zhou Wenjie;College of Education,Hebei Normal University;Institute of Mental Health,Hebei Medical University;  
The spatial- temporal association of response codes( STEARC) effect reflects a space- related representation of time( mental time line) with a genuine left- to- right orientation. Alternatively,it may simply reflect an over learned motor association between time and manual responses. In this study,we want to explore the STEARC effect under different response conditions,i. e.,manual and saccadic response. There are two experiments in this study. Experiment 1a and Experiment 1b tested the STEARC effect usinghorizontally arrayed left / right responses by manual and saccadic responses respectively. Experiment 2a and Experiment 2b used vertically arrayed bottom / top responses by manual and saccadic responses respectively. The stimuli consisted of two types of time words( past vs. future),which were displayed in the center of a computer monitor. Manual or saccadic response latencies were recorded. The Lenovo computer was used to record manual data and the SMI EyeLink- 2000 system was used to track saccadic response. In Experiment 1,there was an interaction between response side and time words. Left- hand responses were faster than right-hand responses of the past words,Right- hand responses were generally faster than left- hand responses of the past words. There was also an interaction between saccadic and time words,past words responses were faster to the left saccadic,future words responses were faster to the right saccadic. In Experiment 2,there was an interaction between response side and time words. Past words responses were faster to the top key,future words responses were faster to the bottom key,there was also an interaction between saccadic and time words,past words responses were faster to the up saccadic,future words responses were faster to the down saccadic. In addition,the error rate results support our hypothesis. The results suggest that the time- space associations were consistently found in manual and saccadic response conditions,which was not caused by preferred and overlearned manual motor associations. Our findings support the interpretation that in the two response conditions,space- related magnitude representations are automatically activated and modulate efficiency in a horizontal or a vertical motor response. The present results also suggest that time map is a preferred explanation for STEARC,not a mental timeline.
【Fund】: 河北省教育厅人文社科重点项目(SKZD2011408)的资助
【CateGory Index】: B842
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