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《Journal of Psychological Science》 2014-02
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The Relationship between Self-enhancing Humor and Life Satisfaction:A Multiple Mediation Model through Emotional Well-being and Social Support

Chen Shimin;Fang Jie;Gao Shuling;Ye Baojuan;Sun Peizhen;Zheng Xue;Department of Social Work,China University of Mining and Technology;School of Psychology,South China Normal University;School of Humanities and Communication,Guangdong University of Finance and Economics;Department of Social Work and Social Administration,The University of Hong Kong;School of Psychology,Jiangxi Normal University;School of Educational Science,Jiangsu Normal University;  
The Chinese economy has grown rapidly and the urbanization has expanded greatly since the policy of reform and openness started. People pervasively feel under great pressure in the cities. Self-enhancing humor has been widely used in daily life to cope with the great pressure with the development of media and the internet. Previous studies have shown that self-enhancing humor was positively associated with optimism,self-efficacy,perceived sense of control and life satisfaction. These studies only used simple correlation research methods. Structural equation modeling and multiple mediation analysis are used in this study to further explore their relationship. This study proposed the hypothesis that self-enhancing humor promoted life satisfaction through two chain mediators,i. e.,emotional well-being and social support.Participants were 884 college students from four universities in China,with 42. 9% male students and the average age of 20. 5( SD= 1. 96). The questionnaires were the Self-enhancing Dimension from Humor Style Questionnaire,the Positive Emotion and Negative Emotion Dimensions from Subjective Well-being Scale,the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and Life Satisfaction Scale. The principles of confidentiality,voluntary choice,anonymity and the non-consequentiality of any answers given were carefully explained in the instructions so that the error could be minimized.Controlling for the effects of a single unmeasured latent method factor was used. The difference of the indices of CFI,TLI and RMSEA between the original model and control model was less than. 02,showing no serious common method bias. A structural equation modeling was built. The model fit the indices and the model modification test indicated that the model was acceptable. The Joint significance test and the Bias-corrected Nonparametric Percentile Bootstrap test showed that the chain mediational effect was significant.There were three mediational paths in the mediational model:( 1) the mediational path through emotional well-being,with the effect size of 47. 3%;( 2) the mediational path through social support with the effect size of 9. 1%; and( 3) the mediational path through emotional well-being and social support,with the effect size of 7. 2%. The total mediational effect size was 63. 6%. The effect size through emotional well-being was the strongest among the three mediation paths.Based on the Release Theory of Humor,the Broaden-and-Build Theory of Positive Emotion and the predictors of life satisfaction in collectivistic culture,this study constructed a chain mediation model that self-enhancing humor promoted life satisfaction through two chains of mediators of emotional well-being and social support,which presented a better explanation for the relationship between self-enhancing humor and life satisfaction. Future study can explore the different multiple mediation models in an individualistic context.
【Fund】: 教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(11YJC190019 13YJC190029);; 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地项目(12JJD190005);; 中国博士后科学基金项目(2013M540535);; 江西省博士后科研择优资助项目(2013KY08);; 广东省哲学社会科学“十二五”规划度项目(GD13CXL01)的资助
【CateGory Index】: B842
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