THE ADAPTABILITY OF COPING STRATEGIES AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS
Zhang Yuxin;Fang Xin Beijing University
The present study investigated subjects' adaptability of coping strate- gies in relation to their mental health. The adaptability of coping strat- egies was measured with Coping Strategies Inventory which asked subjec- ts to describe how they coped with stressful events falling into three ar- eas of academic work, interpersonal relation and social/family interacti- on. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Symptoms Check List 90 (SCL -90) were used to measure psychological symptoms of the subjects. It was found that the use of unadaptive coping strategies across the three areas correlated significantly with depression (r = 0.396, p0.002) and phobic anxiety (r = 0.369, p0.002); and the use of unadaptive coping st- rategies correlated with depression (r = 0.373, p0.002) and somatization (r = 0.320, p0.002) for social/family interaction, and with phobic anx- iety (r = 0.323, p0.002) for the area of interpersonal relation; and it showed no relationship (r0.120, df = 90, N.S.) with psychological sym- ptoms when coping with academic stressors. The article also discussed the issue of the cross-situational consistency of coping strategies.