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《ACTA PSYCHOLOGICA SINICA》 1994-01
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DOUBLE QUALITY OF MEMORY OF PATIENTS WITH CLOSED-HEAD INJURY:IMPAIRMENT AND PRESERVATION

He Xiaosheng; Wang Mengyin (Department of Neurosurgery,Bethune International Peace Hospital,Shijiazhuang) Huangfu En;Miao Danmin;Wang Xiaoying (Depatment of Psychology,Fourth Military Medical University,Xian)  
The present study explored some characteristics of explict memory(free recall, recognition) and implicit memory( priming effects),of seventeen patients with moderate and severe closed-head injury, under four different levels of processing for single-characters. The results showed that: (1) The patients were impaired in explicit memory but normal in implicit memory. (2) Both groups had a better explicit memory in deep conceptual processing than in the shallow supperficial one; a so-called semantic facilitation occured at the expense of greater effort, the patients used much more effort than the controls did with poorer efficiency. Hence the closed-head injured patients exhibited a double quality of impairment and preservation in memory. Based on this, the authors proposed promising strategies for cognitive rehabilitation training, and provided a further neuro psychological evidence for the theoretical view that human beings possess different memory systems.
【Fund】: 全军“八五”规划军事医学心理学指令性课题
【CateGory Index】: B845.67
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