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《Chinese Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences》 1981-03
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POISONING BY OXYTEOPIS KANSUENSIS

Chang Shengmin Gao Qidong Hou Dehui Li ou (Research Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Scince of Qinghai Province) Chen Jiamal Zhu Xiaowen (Tianjun Veterinary Station,Qinghai Province)  
Oxytropic kansuensis Bge.is a poisonous plant,causing chronic toxi- cosis in horse and sheep under field conditions.The clinical signs in horse are malnourishment and emaciation,depression,stiffness,someti- mes nervousness;vision is impaired and abortion usually occurs.Death was usually observed after a disease course of three months to one year. Affected sheep showed signs of weakness,stumbling and failing to the ground;vision is impaired.Sterility,abortion and death were also observed. Force feeding of this plant can induce toxicosis in horse,sheep, rabbit and mouse. Microscopic lesions of Oxytropis kansuensis Bge.poisoning in horse and sheep were cytoplasmic vacuolar degeneration.Cytoplasmic vacuolae were present in neurons of central nervous system and cells of liver, kidney,spleen,lymph nodes and other organs. We compared the clinical signs and microscopic lesions of Oxytropis kansuensis Bge.poisoning with sodium selenite toxicosis in mice,and found that the pictures were different. Investigation demonstrated that Oxytropis deflexa(Pall) DC.also was a poisonous plant.
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