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《Chinese Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences》 1992-02
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EFFECTS OF MANGANESE ( Mn ) DEFICIENCY ON TISSUE Mn-CQNTAINING SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE ( MnSOD ) ACTIVITY AND ITS MITOCHONDRIAl ULTRASTRUCTURES OF BROILER CHICKS FED A PRACTICAL DIET

Luo Xugang, Su Qi, Huang Junchun, Liu Jinxu ( Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences )  
Sixty-four day-old Arbor Acres broilers ( 1/2 male, 1/2 female ) ,were randomly allotted to two treatments and fed ad libitum either a basal corn-soybean meal Mn-deficient diet containing 17ppm Mn or the Mn-supplemented ( reagent grade MnSO4·H2O ) diet containing 137ppm Mn for 28 days. Mn deficiency caused the reductions of Mn concentrations of liver and heart ( P0.01 ) and also MnSOD activity of heart about 26% ( P0.01 ) , but not MnSOD of liver ( P0.05 ). Abnormalities of mitochondrial ultrastructures were observed both in heart and liver as shown by heart mitochondrial degeneration with a "split" trend, liver mitochondrial "combination" and irregular sequences of critae and losses of some outer membrances of some mitochondria both in heart and liver. Coarse reticulum enlargements of both heart and liver were also observed. Mn deficiency caused higher incidence of leg abnormality and higher plasma glutamate oxalacetate transaminase(GOT) and glutamate pyruvate transaminase ( GPT ) activity and uric acid level ( P0.01 ), and plasma creatine phosphokinase ( CPK ) activity ( P0.05 ) , nevertheless the growth performance of chicks was not affected ( P0.05 ) .
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