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《Journal of Southwest Agricultural University》 2001-05
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EFFECTS OF CHEMICAL TREATMENTS ON POSTHARVEST PHYSIOLOGY AND STORAGE OF JIANG'AN PLUM

WANG Shi-kuan,PAN Ming (Biotechnological Engineering Department, Sichuan Institute of Light Industry & Chemical Technology, Zigong, Sichuan 643033, China)  
Jiang'an plum ( Prunus salicin Lindl.) fruits were treated with different chemicals before they were placed in small plastic film bags and stored at 3℃±1℃. Combined with ethylene absorbent, treatment with thiabendozole (TBZ) at 500 mg/kg, or 2,4 D at 100 mg/kg or GA 3 at 50 mg/kg delayed the arrival of the second respiratory peak of the stored fruits. Stored at room temperature, the fruit produced much ethylene on a short time, and ethylene concentration in them increased 14 folds in 10 days, while climacteric in cold storage (3℃±1℃) did not occur until 50~60 days after the start of storage. TBZ decreased respiratory intensity and PG and PE activity of the fruit and conductance of the fruit extract, but had no significant effect on CAT activity. GA 3 significantly enhanced the activity of Cat and decreased the activity of PG and PE, and it increased the conductance of the fruit extract. Optimum storage results were achieved in the treatment of 2,4 D, and good fruit rate was as high as 98.0% after 60 days' storage.
【CateGory Index】: S662.309
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