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《Advances in New and Renewable Energy》 2015-06
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Research Progress in Natural Gas Hydrate Accumulation System

BU Qing-tao;HU Gao-wei;YE Yu-guang;LIU Chang-ling;LI Cheng-feng;WANG Jia-sheng;School of Earth Sciences, China University of Geosciences;Key Laboratory of Gas Hydrate, Ministry of Land and Resources, Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology;Laboratory for Marine Mineral Resources, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology;  
On the basis of gas hydrate exploration achievements in permafrost regions and marine environment in recent years, new progress of gas hydrate accumulation system is summarized in aspects of gas hydrate stability conditions, gas source, gas migration and reservoir rocks. The results show that the geothermal gradient, seabed surface temperature, gas composition, pore water salinity and other factors affect and control hydrate equilibrium conditions. Biological and biological-thermogenic gas are the main sources in the global hydrate reservoir. Thermogenic gas becomes an important role in gas hydrate accumulation system. The hydrocarbon gas migrates in the sediments by diffusion, gas dissolved within migrating water, and as a separate bubble. Faults, diapirs, gas chimney and other similar structures provide effective channels for gas fluid migration. Six different types of hydrates and four hydrate reservoir rocks are introduced based on hydrate features occurrence around the world. According to analysis on different gas hydrate accumulation models, the classification of the accumulation model on the basis of different tectonic environments is a better representative.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(41104086 41474119)
【CateGory Index】: P618.13
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