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《SOUTHWEST CHINA JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES》 1997-01
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CHLORIDE NUTRITION AND APPLICATION OF POTASSIUM CHLORIDE IN FLUE-CURED TOBACCO

Liu Hongbin; Mao Zhiyun (College of Resources and Environment,Southwest Agricultural University, Chongqing, 630716)  
This experiment was conducted to study the effect of applying rates of K2SO4 and KCl on the yield and qualitY of fluecured tobacco. The results showed that: with the increase of Cl rates, the Cl content in tobacco leaves increased. The magnitude order of Cl contents in flue-cured tobacco plant was leafstemroot, and that in leaves at different positions was lowermidddleupper. Based on the requirement of tobacco (Cle content in leaves1%, and K2O/Cl ratio≥4), the estimated critical level of Chlorine content in the tested soil was in the range between 0~160mg Cl/kg soil. Application of Cl increased the absorption of N, K, increased the content of soluble sugar in cured leaf, decreased P absorption of tobacco plant, and affected SOD. POD, PPO, NR activities. The result showed that K2SO4 may be partly replaced by KCl as K source for tobacco production in the neutral purple soil. According to the content of Cl and K2O/Cl equals to 4, KCl supplied 42.38% of total rates of K2O. In this KCl rate range the contents of Cl in leaves were 0. 4% ~0. 6%, and will not decrease the yield, output value and quality of flue-cured tobacco.
【CateGory Index】: S572
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