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《Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences》 2013-01
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Effect of Ca on Fruit Cracking and Fruit Quality of Newhall Navel Orange

WANG Qiang 1,WANG Xiu-qi2,3,ZENG Ming2,3(1.Chongqing Three Gorges Vocational College,Chongqing Wanzhou 404155,China;2.College of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture,Southwest University,Chongqing 400715,China;3.Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education of Southern Mountain Horticulture,Chongqing 400715,China)  
Newhall navel orange was the superior variety in Chongqing,especially in Three Gorges area,but the fruit cracking affects the fruit quality and benefit in the production.The effect of Ca on fruit cracking and fruit quality of Newhall navel orange with different concentrations and different types of Ca was studied.The results showed that(i)Calcium treatments increased the weight per fruit,and improved the fruit shape of Newhall and edible part rate.Calcium treatment also remarkably increased the contents of soluble solids,soluble sugar and Vitamin C in fruits.(ii)A negative correlation was found between contents of calcium of Newhall and fruit-cracking rate.Spraying calcium on navel orange foliar could significantly improve calcium contents in peel of Newhall navel orange and reduce fruit-cracking rate.(iii)Spraying calcium on Newhall navel orange foliar could reduce fruit-cracking rate by significantly reducing water soluble pectin content and enhancing hydrochloric acid soluble pectin content.(iv)Compared with the effects of different calcium treatments,0.5% Ca(NO3)2 was the best calcium treatment.
【Fund】: 国家农业部重大专项“柑橘模式化栽培与贮藏技术研究”(nyhyzx07-023)
【CateGory Index】: S666.4
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