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《Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences》 2014-06
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Effect of Soil Texture on Stress Resistance of Flue-cured Tobacco Induced by Dry Mycelium of Penicillium chrysogenum

DUAN Yong-ming;ZHANG Ting-jin;XU Xing-yang;FANG Rong-qi;YANG Zong-yun;WANG Jian-guang;LI Xiu-jun;CHEN Sui-yun;Kunming Branch of Yunnan Tobacco Company;Kunming Baoteng Biochemical Technology Co,Ltd.;Xundian Branch of Kunming Tobacco Company;School of Life Sciences,Yunnan University;  
The demonstration and extension effect of dry mycelium of Penicillium chrysogenum( DMP) in different soil were quite different.A field trial was carried out to contrast the resistance against disease and growth-promoting effect of DMP on flue-cured tobacco planted in sandy soil and loam. The results showed that the effect of DMP was quite different in different soil texture. Using DMP 15 kg / hm2 in sandy soil was better than using DMP 7. 5 kg / hm2. Using DMP 15 kg / hm2 in sandy soil could improve the main agronomic characters of Flue-cured tobacco significantly,protected tobacco plants from Tobacco Black Shank without one tobacco plant infected,the relative control efficiency to tobacco mosaic virus could reach 81. 88 %,the production and value could increase 180 kg / hm2 and 8 400 yuan / hm2. Using DMP 7. 5 kg /hm2 in loam was better than using DMP 15 kg / hm2. Using DMP 7. 5 kg / hm2 in loam could improve the main agronomic characters of Fluecured tobacco significantly,protect tobacco plants from Tobacco Black Shank and Tobacco Black Root Rot without one tobacco plant infected,the relative control efficiency to tobacco mosaic virus could reach 74. 60 %,the production and value could increase 255 kg / hm2and11 707. 5 yuan / hm2.
【Fund】: 中国烟草总公司云南省公司科技计划项目(2012YN36)
【CateGory Index】: S572
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