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《Academic Monthly》 2018-08
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The Proximity of Chiefdom and State and Its Influence to State Origin Study

XIE Weiyang;ZHAO Zheng;  
Chiefdom is kind of pre-state polity, which is the most complex political organization close to states and shares some similar features with states. The notion equating chiefdom with ranked society is based on some misunderstandings of Fried's theory, while it can be confirmed that stratified society developed before states. Given the complicacy of Hawaiian political organization, it is very important to seek and form a integrated set of chains of evidence. There are certain limitations for the using of materialized data in the analysis on the state formation. Furthermore, the historical fact is important to the studies on ancient civilizations including early China.
【Fund】: 国家社科基金重大项目“中国国家起源研究的理论与方法”(12&ZD133);; 上海市教委高原学科(上海大学中国史)建设计划资助
【CateGory Index】: D03
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