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《Journal of the Chinese Rare Earth Society》 2006-04
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Control Effect of Lanthanum Against Plant Disease

Mu Kangguo~1,Zhao Xiuqin~2,Liu Yajia~3,Hu Lin~1,Zhang Wenji~3,Cui Jianyu~(1*) (1.College of(Resource) and(Environment)(Science),China Agricultural University,Beijing 100094,China;(2.Institute) of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science,Beijing 100081,China;(3.College) of(Science),China Agricultural University,Beijing 100094,China)  
Effect of La on emergence,growth and development of Isatis indigotica Fort.and Festuca arundinacea seedlings was researched by pot experiments of inoculating Rhizoctonia solani and the mixture of Rhizoctonia solani and Fusarium solani in disinfected soil after the seeds were soaked in the solution with different concentrations of La~(3+).The results indicate that infection rate is decreased and there are significant disease controlling effects on seed rot,bud rot and root rot caused by pathogenic fungi when the seeds are soaked by La~(3+).Thus,the rates of emergence of Isatis indigotica Fort.and turfgrass Festuca arundinacea are increased.When La~(3+) concentration is in a proper range,the growth and development of plant seedlings are promoted.Spraying La in rice plants shows a significant controlling effect on Rhizoctonia solani.Furthermore,the EC_(50) of La~(3+) performed at 1 and 7 d after spraying La in rice plants are 128.7 and 128.1 mg·L~(1) respectively.The EC_(50) of La~(3+) performs in vivo(in rice plant) is lower than that in vitro(171.9 mg·L~(-1)).
【Fund】: 北京市重点自然基金项目(6001001);; 中美合作草坪养护管理研究项目(美国俄勒冈种子理事会OSCMAP资助)
【CateGory Index】: S143.92
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