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《Instrument Technique and Sensor》 2007-03
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Ultrasonic Distance Measure System with High Precision Based on Single-chip Microcomputer

BU Ying-yong,WANG Ji-chan,ZHAO Hai-ming,LIU Guang-hua(College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering,Central South University,Changsha 410083,China)  
The principle and the framework of an ultrasonic distance measure system with a transmitting receipting sensor are described,the circuits structure of exciting ultrasonic switch to receiver,sampling environmental temperature,and automatic gain control(AGC) along with time transformation are detailed,the work mechanism and implementary mode of thus the circuits structure of exciting ultrasonic switch to receiver are expatiated,a new method which resolve transmitting receipting circuits in ultrasonic distance measure system is brought forward,and the measuring errors owing to feeble echo wave are decreased by automatic gain control(AGC) circuits.Based on this idea,the software of ultrasonic distance measure system have been designed.This system is tested faithfully in our laboratory,then the measure results are enumerated and the measuring errors are analyzed.The measuring precision of ultrasonic distance measure system is indicated higher by this experiment.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(50474052)
【CateGory Index】: TH761.2
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