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《Journal of Yibin University》 2012-12
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Spectrogram Comparison of the Caged and the Feral Garrulax conorus

HUANG Hong-sheng1,YUAN Shi-bin1,ZHOU Ming-qiang1,ZHOU Cai-quan1,WANG Xi-long1,QI Sai-fei2,XIANG Ming1,YAN Lin-bo1(1.Institute of Rare Animals and Plants,College of Life Sciences,China West Normal University,Nanchong;Key Laboratory of Southwest China Wildlife Resources Conservation(Ministry of Education),Nanchong 637002,China;2.Luzhou High School,Luzhou 646000,China)  
Songs of the feral and the caged Garrulax canorux were collected in Mays of 2011 and 2012,the ballad was diflerentiated used the Adobe Audition,and then the spectrogram characters,syllable types and phoneme features were compared between the ferals and the caged birds used Praat software.The results indicate that the number of the phonemes is 3.32±1.84;the time of duration is 1.02±0.73s;the longest time is 2.88s;the time interval is 0.26±0.17s and sound frequency ranged 0.13±0.15 kHz to 0.38±0.05 kHz of the caged birds,while those of the ferals is 2.35±1.66,0.55±0.44s,2.43s,0.22±0.16s and 0.16±0.03 kHz to 0.35±0.05 kHz respectively.The caged ones have the phoneme type which is lack of turns(phoneme type B) while the ferals possesse those which is charactered by turns and the curvature exceeded 180°(phoneme type B).There are 75 kinds syllabics of Garrulax canorux,of which 9.33 percent are the common of the caged and the feral ones.The results show that in closed surroundings,the sing of Garrulax canorux would become monotonous,repeated,and the degree of sweetness and mildly turned lower.
【Fund】: 四川省教育厅自然科学重点项目(11ZA032);; 四川省科技厅杰出青年学术技术带头人后续计划(2011JQ0056)
【CateGory Index】: Q958
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