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《Tobacco Science & Technology》 2005-07
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Effects of Altitude on Petroleum Ether Extract and Routine Chemical Compositions in Flue-cured Tobacco

JIAN YONG-XING(1,2), YANG LEI(1), XIE LONG-JIE(1), ZHAO YAN-MIN(1), and ZOU GUO-LIN(2) 1. Technology Center of Changde Cigarette Factory, Changde 415000, Hunan, China 2. College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China  
In order to investigate the effects of altitude on the quality of flue-cured tobacco leaf, the contents of petroleum ether extract, total nicotine, reducing sugar, total nitrogen, chlorine and potassium in cured leaf C3F from pot-cultured New K326 and Yunyan 87 growing at the altitudes ranging from 200m to 1200m above sea level in Shimen County and Cili County of Hunan Province were determined with Soxhlet extraction, continuous flow analytical method and flame photometry. The soil matrix, planting population, fertilizing rate and schedule, and culture practices were one and the same. The results showed that: 1) the petroleum ether extract in flue-cured tobacco was signifi- cantly positively correlated with the altitude (P0.05); 2) the total nicotine and total nitrogen were negatively correlated with the altitude, the significance for New K326 wasP0.05 and for Yunyan 87 wasP0.01; 3) the correlations of reducing sugar and its ratio to nicotine with the altitude were positive, the significances for New K326and Yunyan 87 wereP0.01 andP0.05, respectively; 4) the contents of chlorine and potassium were scarcely affected by the altitude. It was concluded that the aroma concentration, harmony between major chemical compo- nents, hence, the usability of flue-cured tobacco would be better when the tobacco was planted at a moderately higher altitude.
【Fund】: 湖南省烟草专卖局资助项目(02001);; 常德卷烟厂资助项目(020308)。
【CateGory Index】: TS41
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