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《Acta Genetica Sinica》 1985-05
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A Study of Sex Chromosome in Carassius auratus by BrdU- Hoechst 33258-Giemsa Technique

Zhang Eenpei Wu Heling (Department of Biology, Peking University)  
The time sequences of DNA replication in the chromosomes of 2 male and 3 female common earps were studied by a modified BrdU-Hoechst 33258-Giemsa technique, using the asynchronized cultivated lymphocytes and kidney cells in vitro. It was found that the sex determination of Carassius auratus was of XX/XY type, chromosome pair No. 2 in B group was probably the sex chromosome, of which the short arms were the latest in the replication in karyotype of all observed individuals. We called the regions B2-P. The two B2-P replicated synchronously in female animals, but asynchronously in male. The replicative hetermorphism occurred in late S phase. The above-mentioned regions were C-banding dark staining both in female and one dark but another bright in male.
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