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《Acta Genetica Sinica》 1987-05
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Analyses of Gene Effects for Three Quantitative Characters at Different Development Stages in Maize

Wu Guohai(Department of Agronomy,Sichuan Agricultural University,Yaan)  
The experimental materials involved 3 crosses from 6 inbred lines of maize.Generation means analyses were used to study gene effects for plant height,10-kernel weight and leaf number per plant at different stages of plant development.All of gene effects for the final characters were found to be algebraic sum of the respective parameters for net growths at different development stages.They couldn't fully reflect the real actions of genes during the development of the characters due to the offset of the positive and negative gene effects for net growths.Algebraic symbol and significance of the same gene effect,and genetic model for each character showed distinct changes with its developmental stage,which were considered as the result of actions of different gene loci at each stage.Estimates of gene effects for the net growths indicated that dominant effect was more important than the additive in plant height and 10-kernel weight,but it was opposite in leaf number per plant.Epistatic effects were present in the inheritance of all characters under study.They were maximun in plant height,intermediate in leaf number per plant,and minimun in 10-kernel weight.
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