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《Acta Genetica Sinica》 1998-04
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The Relationship Between Mitochondrial DNA Polymorphism and Origin and Differentiation of Native Pig Breeds in China

HUANG Yong-fu~(1,2) ZHANG Ya-ping~1 QIU Xiang-pin~2 ZENG Fan-tong~2 XIAO Yong-zuo~2 (1 Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences Kunming 650223) (2 College of Animal Science and Technology Sichuan Agricultural University Yaan 625014)  
A total of 24 restriction endonucleases were used to investigate the mitochondrialDNA polymorphism of 21 native breeds of pigs from 13 provinces of China, and 2wild boars from China and Vietnam. Among the 68 animals, 32 restriction morphswere detected, which could be sorted into 6 haplotypes. Differences existed betweenhaplotypes came from several dot mutations. In domestic pigs, the average geneticdistance (P) among 4 haplotypes was 0.143%, and the value of average sequencevariation (π) was 0.007%. Our results suggested that the genetic diversity within thenative pig breeds was remarkably scarce. They may have originated from a subspeciesof wild bore, and were likely impacted by the bottleneck effect and (or) the foundereffect during the domestication history.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(39400070);; 杰出青年科学基金;; 云南省科委重点基金;; “二百人计划”资助项目~~
【CateGory Index】: S828
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