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《Chinese Jouranal of Sports Medicine》 2001-04
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An Investigation on the DNA Content of Striated Muscle Mitochondria after Aerobic Exercise Training in Rat

Ding Shuzhe and Xu Haowen East China Normal University ,Shanghai 200062  
Flow cytometry analysis of propidium iodide (PI)and fluo-3-AM staining were used. The different exercise load of rats (no load swimming 3 days,60 min/day; 7days,60min/days;12days,60min/day.Swimming+ exogenous GSSG. Swimming+exogenous EGTA)showed the different changes of the mitochondria DNA content of skeletal muscle. The results indicated that DNA content in skeletal muscle mitochondria were increased (57%)after 3 days training,there were increased 42% after 7 days training;no changes after 12 days training, but there were still an increase in rat with injection of GSSG after 12 days training (26%). The DNA content of myocardial mitochondria only increased after 12 days training+injection of GSSG (30%)and decrease occurred after injecting EGTA+7 days and 12 days training(-30%-32%).These results showed that the redox state (aerobic training and exogenous GSSG)and calcium homeostasis in cell may influence the DNA biosynthesis in striated muscle mitochondria of rat.The results suggested that the redox state in striated muscle mitochondria may be associated with mitochondrial biosynthesis. The increase of the exercise-induced endogenous reactive oxygen species in working muscle mitochondria may lead to the increase of mitochondrial biogenesis during endurance training. The mitochondria in skeletal muscle and myocardium occurred different adaptive changes at the same experimental model.
【CateGory Index】: G804.7
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