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《China Emergency Rescue》 2020-02
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From Life Saving to Psychological Relief: Current Situation and Prospect of Psychological Crisis Intervention in Maritime Search and Rescue

CHEN Qiang;YU Changjiang;HUANG Lei;LI Zhifeng;YANG Linxiang;LIU Lei;  
In order to find out the current situation of psychological crisis intervention in China's maritime search and rescue actions, based on international conventions and national laws and regulations, the author interviewed 30 maritime search and rescue workers, and collected 336 valid questionnaires out of 400 maritime search and rescue personnel. It shows that neither the international maritime conventions nor Chinese domestic maritime search and rescue laws and regulations and plans require psychological crisis intervention. It is found that 83.8% of the respondents believe that it is necessary to perform psychological crisis intervention for people in distress or those rescued, 87.2% support psychological crisis intervention for maritime search and rescue personnel, but only 2.1% are very familiar with the psychological crisis intervention, and merely 8.5% believe that there are professional psychological crisis intervention personnel among them. Psychological crisis intervention has not been widely applied in domestic maritime search and rescue, which should draw government departments' attention to advance its practice for better maritime search and rescue.
【CateGory Index】: U676.8;B845.67
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