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《Journal of Maize Sciences》 2008-03
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Effects of Cutting Caulis on Axillary Buds and Grain Yield and Quality of Different Maize Cultivars

GUO Zhi-hui,DONG Shu-ting,WANG Kong-jun,LIU Peng,ZHANG Ji-wang(State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology/College of Agronomy,Shandong Agriculture University,Taian 271018,China)  
The effects of cutting caulis on dry matter accumulation,regeneration and quality at different stages of three maize cultivars,Keduo 8(multi-axillary buds and multi-spikes),common breed Taiyu 2(multi-axillary buds and single spike),and common breed Zhengdan 958(none-axillary bud and single spike) were investigated.As a result,when cutting caulis at jointing stage,the number of tillers per plant increased a little for Keduo 8,while for Taiyu 2 and Zhengdan 958 it decreased.Tillers per plant increased remarkably when cutting at booting stage either for Keduo 8 or Taiyu 2,as for Zhengdan 958 it reduced.Dry matter accumulation for the tillers of all three cultivars appeared Keduo 8Taiyu 2Zhengdan 958,and it seemed that cutting caulis at booting stage(treatment 2)cutting caulis at jointing stage(treatment 1)no cutting(contrast) of all the three cultivars.Grain crude protein and crude fat content increased greatly,and so,grain quality was improved.This study provided a theoretical and practical way for fresher yield in order to alleviate the tension of scarcity of fodder consequently.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划(2006BAD02A09);; 农业行业项目(nyhyzx07-003);; 山东省农业良种产业化项目
【CateGory Index】: S513
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