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《Journal of Maize Sciences》 2010-02
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Genetic Effects of Oil and Unsaturated Fatty Acid on Maize Kernel

ZHAO Zi-xian1,GAO Xiang-kuo1,YANG Ke-chang1,HUANG Qing-mei1,LI Zhi-hong2(1.Food Crops Research Institute,Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Kunming 650205;2.Mengzi Agricultural and Technological Extension Center,Mengzi 661100,China)  
Ten elite maize inbred lines,which their oil and unsaturated fatty acid content existed a wide variation,were used in incomplete diallel cross(5×5) to analyze genetic effects for oil and unsaturated fatty acid content on maize kernel.The results indicated that oil content were mainly controlled by embryo,endosperm and cytoplasm effects,while embryo,endosperm and maternal effects did in oleic acid and linoleic acid content,and additive effects played an important role on these 3 characters.The embryo effects occupied a little share to the total genetic variance on α-linolenic acid,but it was important for its inheritance,because all represented as embryo additive effect and its heritability was high.The heritability of embryo and endosperm were high,and the heritability of endosperm was higher than that of embryo on these 4 characters.Lines 330,Suwan1611 and ZOL-1 could be used to improve oil content,ZOL-3,ZOL-4 and ZOL-5 could improve oil content and oleic acid content significantly.ZNl-1,330,1072,ZOL-1 and ZOL-5 could be used to enhance linoleic acid content while ZOL-4 used to improve α-linolenic acid as female,ZOL-1 could be used to improve oil,oleic acid,linoleic acid and α-linolenic acid content.There was a significant positive correlation between oil content and oleic acid content(rP=0.612**),and significant negative correlation between oil content and linoleic acid content(rP=-0.504**),oil content and α-linolenic acid content(rP=-0.277**).The strongest correlations were endosperm additive,then the embryo additive for all pair traits.
【Fund】: 昆明市中小企业技术创新基金(CJ2006090)
【CateGory Index】: S513.03
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