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《Journal of Maize Sciences》 2019-03
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Basic Study of Heavy Ion Radiation Mutagenic Maize Type C Cytoplasmic Male Sterility Line C-848 on Physiological Mechanism

ZHAO Yu;CHEN Ting-ting;XING Jia-yun;ZHANG Tong-ke;HE Sheng-yang;LIU Zhi-hua;LUO Hong-bing;Hunan Agricultural University;  
The activity of superoxide dismutase(SOD), peroxidase(POD), catalase(CAT) and malonaldehyde(MDA) content in leaves of C-type male sterile line C-848 and its maintainer H19 were studied. The results showed that C-848 line displayed unexposed anthers with thin and shrunken shape. Neither fertile pollen grains were found in peeling anthers nor by iodine microscopic examination. During years of multi-seasonal planting, no fertile plants were found in any generations of C-848. The activity of SOD in the leaves of the CMS line was lower than that of maintainer line at all growth stages. From the seedling stage to the jointing stage, the activity of POD in leaves of both CMS line and maintainer line increased slightly, but showed no significant difference. When transferred form vegetative growth to reproductive growth, the POD activity in leaves of CMS line increased rapidly, and showed significant difference compared to maintainer line. And POD activity in leaves of CMS line was always higher than that of maintainer line. The CAT activity in leaves of CMS line increased slowly after turning into reproductive growth. It is much lower than that of CAT in maintainer lines, and displayed significant difference during silking stage. The MDA content in leaves of CMS line was higher than of maintainer lines during all stages. And the most significant difference was found at the tasseling stage.
【Fund】: 湖南省科技计划项目“玉米种质创新与新品种选育”(2016NK2123)
【CateGory Index】: S513
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