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《Journal of Yunnan University of Finance and Economics》 2018-12
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Analysis of the Livelihood Effect of Civilized Cities:Quasi-natural Experimental Evidence from Prefecture-level Cities

GONG Feng;LI Bo-feng;LU Hong-you;School of Economics and Management,Wuhan University;  
Is it possible that the honorable title of "Civilized City"can bring benefits to the development of the cities or the welfare of the residents? In order to answer this question,the nation's civilized cities are brought into a quasi-natural experiment,three important livelihood indicators including economic growth,employment,and house prices are chosen,and DID method and data of prefecture-level cities are used to check whether acquiring the title of civilized city can improve the livelihood of the residents. The results show that "becoming a civilized city"has a significant positive effect on the prices of commodity houses,but it has insignificant effects on the economic growth rate and the registered unemployment rate in the cities. Although the living environment of the cities can be improved by building "civilized cities",it is not a "gold-lettered signboard"to improve the environment of business operation,attract economic resources and create more job opportunities. In the future,the improvement of "software facilities"such as government governance,market order,credibility system and legal construction should be taken as the purpose. The evaluation and assessment criteria of acquiring "civilized cities"should be further perfected,and the livelihood of residents should be improved by taking the opportunities of becoming "civilized cities".
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目“应对中国人口老龄化的公共政策评估与设计——基于财政可持续性、长期经济增长与代际财政平等三维视角的可计算动态一般均衡分析”(71773086);; 国家社会科学基金重大招标项目“建构基于生态文明建设的公共财政体制研究”(15ZDB158);; 教育部人文社会科学基金规划项目“应对人口老龄化的中国公共政策评估与设计:基于可计算动态一般均衡模型的预测分析”(17YJA790022);; 武汉大学人文社会科学自主科研青年项目“中国人口老龄化的动态经济效应评估与政策设计研究”(2017QN037)
【CateGory Index】: D64;F299.2
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