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《Journal of Yunnan Agricultural University》 2009-02
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Genetic Divergence between Pavo muticus and Pavo cristatus by Cyt b Gene

OUYANG Yi-na1,YANG Ze-yu1,LI Da-lin2,HUO Jin-long1,QIAN Kun3,MIAO Yong-wang1(1.College of Animal Science and Technology,Yunnan Agricultural University,Kunming 650201,China;2.Domestic Animal Breeding and Crossbreed-improvement Station of Yunnan Province,Kunming 650021,China;3.Huzhou Normal College,Huzhou 313000,China)  
In this paper,15 DNA sequences spanning 516 bp of the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene(including 10 for P.muticus,and 5 for P.cristatus) were determined by using the method of PCR product direct sequencing.Combining with the published cytochrome-b gene sequences of peacock in NCBI database together,we conducted sequence analysis to investigate the genetic divergence within the group or between the groups of P.muticus and P.cristatus,and constructed phylogenetic trees by using the NJ method and ME method with Gallus gallus and Phasianus colchicus as the outgroups.The results revealed that the genetic diversity within P.cristatus was lower than within P.muticus.Average number of nucleotide differences and net genetic distance between P.muticus and P.cristatus were 21.417 and 0.039±0.01,respectively.The divergence time between P.muticus and P.cristatus was at least 2.96 Million years based on the substitution rate of nucleotide acid of cytothrome b gene in Galliformes.Our results suggested that P.muticus and P.cristatus are 2 distinct species.The phylogenetic trees constructed in this study indicated that all the sequences were clustered in 2 major clades(viz.P.muticus and P.cristatus) with high bootstrap support values.Further more,our results supported that there are 2 kinds of P.muticus in Yunnan Province,China,and they are likely two sub-species.Our results still supported that white peafowl and pied peafowl belonged to the species of P.cristatus.
【Key Words】: Pavo muticus Pavo cristatus genetic divergence cytochrome b gene phylogenetic evolution
【Fund】: 云南省教育厅科学研究基金项目(5Y0196B);; 国家自然科学基金项目(30660024);; 云南省应用基础研究重点项目(2007C0003Z);; 云南省应用基础研究计划面上项目(2006C0034M)
【CateGory Index】: S865
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