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Ecological Effects and control strategies of acid deposition on ecosystems in China

Feng Zongwei (Research center for Eco-environmental science,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing,100080,China)  
The South China became the third largest region with heavy acid deposition after Europe and North America.The land seriously impacted by acid deposition has extended from 1.75 million km 2 in 1985 to 2.8 million km 2 in 1993.In this paper,it is reported the results of experimental and field studies on the effects of acid deposition on agricultural crops,forests,and human health.Annual cconomic losses of crops and forests due to acid deposition in 11 provinces of South China were estimated to be 4.26 billion Yuan(RMB) and 18.3 billon Yuan(RMB),respectively. Acid deposition in south China was typical“sulfuric acid type”.According to the view of sustainable development,some control strategies were brought forward: 1.Strengthing environmental management,specifying acid deposition control area,controlling and abating the total emission amount of SO 2. 2.Choicing practical techniques of clean coal,such as techniques of washing pyrite off from raw coal,industrial sulfur-fixed briqutte,and abating sulfur from waste gas etc. 3.Developing alternative energy sources to replace coal,including hydroenergy,nuclear,solar and wind energy etc. 4.In acid deposition region of South China,selecting acid-resistant crop and tree species to reduce agriculture and forestry losses,planting more green fertilizer crops,using organic fertilizers and liming to raise buffer capacities of soils.
【CateGory Index】: X517
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