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《Journal of West China Forestry Science》 2012-03
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Floral variation of Michelia coriacea,a critically endangered species

TANG Hao-jun1,SIMA Yong-kang2,3,HAO Jia-bo2,3,LI Dan2,DU Jian-can1,HAN Ming-yue2,XU Liang2,3(1.Yunnan Agricultural University,Kunming Yunnan 650201,P.R.China;2.Yunnan Academy of Forestry,Kunming Yunnan 650201,P.R.China; 3.Yunnan Laboratory for Conservation of Rare,Endangered & Endemic Forest Plants,Public Key Laboratory of the State Forestry Administration; Yunnan Provincial Key Laboratory of Cultivation and Exploitation of Forest Plants,Kunming Yunnan 650201,P.R.China)  
The floral variation of 56 flowers from 7 plants of Michelia coriacea H.T.Chang et B.L.Chen in Kunming Arboretum was observed.The results show that the numerical,morphological and size characters of their floral parts are varied.There are 12 floral parts such as the internode of floral brachyblast,the whorl,the tepal and so on,in numerical variation.Their coefficients of variance are from 6.17% to 219.33%,of which the biggest one is in the third-whorled tepals.There are 11 floral characters such as the indumentum on peduncle,the shapes of the tepal,the colors of the tepal and so on,in morphological variation.Their variations among different individuals are more than those in a same single plant and most of their differences are very significant.Their coefficients of variance are from 9.13% to 229.35%,of which the biggest one is in the length of the pedicle.Summarized all above,the variations of two floral parts including tepal and stamen are the biggest.The two floral parts are main varied organs of the species.There are more variations among the individuals than those in a same single plant in this species so that it will present a scientific basis for the occurrence possibility and the breeding selection of excellent individuals.The phenomenon of heterobathmy also occurs in Michelia coriacea.This species is a more evolutional species in Magnoliaceae although there are many primitive and evolutional characters in it.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(30660154 31060096);; 国际木兰学会资助项目;; 云南省森林植物培育和开发利用重点实验室基金项目~~
【CateGory Index】: S792.99
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