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《Environmental Protection of Oil & Gas Fields》 2016-04
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Analysis of the Source and Control Strategy of Acid Rain

Lu Xin;Jiang Jing;Liu Qingjiang;Lin Pengfei;Zhu Jie;Chen Feng;Xu Yuan;Zhou Liebo;School of Environment of Tsinghua University;CNPC Research Institute of Safety&Environment Technology,State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Treatment of Petroleum and Petrochemical Enterprises;Solid Waste and Chemical Management Center of Ministry of Environmental Protection;Technical supervision and Inspection Department HSE Supervision Station of PetroChina Huabei Oilfield Company;Chemical Engineering School of China University of Petroleum;Education Ministry State Key Laboratory of Solid Wastes Treatment and Environment Safety;China National Oil and Gas Exploration and Development Corporation;Tianjin City Appearance and Garden Management Committee;East Sichuan Company of CNPC Chuanqing Drilling Engineering Company Limited;  
Acid rain were affected by the types and quantities of acid and alkaline pollutants,meteorological conditions and the long distance transportation process.Correlation analysis,principal component analysis and cluster analysis were used to analyze the cause of acid rain in a typical small and medium-sized city of Taihu.The results showed that the main sources of precipitation were anthropogenic activity,crustal source and sea salt source.Through quantitative calculation,the contribution rates of the three sources were 86.4%,7.3%and 6.3% respectively.Suggestions such as optimizing industrial layout and industrial structure,the adjustment of the amount and structure of energy,accelerating the technology innovation for whole process pollution control,improving the air quality monitoring network,setting up emission reduction strategies based on the critical load,establishing strategies for pollution synergetic control,were proposed to provide reference for macro-control of acid rain control at Taihu Lake area.
【Fund】: 中联环SWMES教育部重点实验室开放基金资助(No.SWMES 2015-06)
【CateGory Index】: X517
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