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《Chinese Journal of Scientific Instrument》 2006-02
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The Characters of Amplitude Spectrum of Reflected Wave and the Design of Pre-amplifier in Seismic Instrument

Yuan Zilong Li Tingting (Daqing Petroleum Institute,Daqing 163318,China)  
By the absorption of earth and the spherical diffusion the attenuation of amplitude in deep layer is serious,so the actual dynamic range of seismic instrument is much lower than 120dB which can't meet the needs of high resolution seismic exploration.Starting from the layer absorbing media model,the amplitude spectrum is calculated theoretically.By analyzing those characters it can be known that the amplitude of reflected wave attenuates according to the rule of exponent and the attenuation happens mainly in the medium depth.The intelligent programming pre-amplifier is also designed whose gain(0dB,18dB,24dB,30dB,36dB and 42dB) can increase with the increment of depth automatically.Thus the amplitude of reflected wave can be compensated before recording and the actual dynamic range of seismic instrument is close to 120dB which bears important meaning to the theory of high resolution and to developing new generation of seismic instrument.
【Fund】: 黑龙江省自然科学基金(E0317);; 黑龙江省教育厅科学技术研究(10543003)资助项目
【CateGory Index】: TN722.71
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