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《Acta Petrologica Et Mineralogica》 2006-06
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On the origin and rock- and ore-forming model of topaz

SHEN Gan_fu and XU Jin_sha (Chengdu Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Chengdu 610082, China)  
Recently, a theory which considers that topaz may crystallize directly and mainly from the F_rich acid magma and/or the F_rich magmatic_hydrothermal transition fluid similar to magma in overall nature has given a vigorous challenge to the traditional ideas of single alteration origin for topaz. The high_ultrahigh_pressure metamorphic topaz has been reported time and again. On the basis of geological, geochemical and mineralogical characteristics of topaz_bearing rocks as well as related petrogenetic and metallogenic experimental data, a new petrogenetic and mineral_forming model for topaz has been established. The model does not negate the alteration and metamorphic origin of topaz. The authors hold that it is inadvisable to emphasize the role of metamorphism (including alteration) indiscriminately and exaggerate its ubiquity and its importance to petrogenesis and mineralization.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(40472030 40672025)
【CateGory Index】: P619.281
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