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《Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering》 2009-10
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Formation of tremendous Yigong landslide based on high-speed shear tests

HU Ming-jian1,WANG Fa-wu2,CHENG Qian-gong3 (1. State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering,Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Wuhan 430071,China; 2. Research Centre on Landslides,Disaster Prevention Research Institute,Kyoto University,Uji Kyoto 611,Japan; 3. School of Civil Engineering,Southwest Jiaotong University,Chengdu 610031,China)  
Tremendous Yigong landslide occurred in Yigong River in Bomi,Tibet. It can be called the largest and longest rapid landslide in China. A lot of researchers paid great attention to the huge rapid landslide and carried out research works on it. Aiming at the characters of high-speed slide and long distance movement,studies were conducted on the mechanism of the slide use of speed and consolidation undraining shear tests. Results show that the pore pressure cannot be dissipated punctually,and that the pore water migrates to the shear zone slowly during the shearing process. The water content and fine particle content in the shear zone are higher than the original ones and those in other layers obviously,the soil liquefaction appears in the shear zone in the consolidation shear tests. The effective internal friction angle of the consolidation undraining shear tests is much lower than that of the draining one. The higher the shear speed,the lower the strength of the soil. This can interprete the formation of tremendous Yigong landslide.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(50709035 40672193);; 中国科学院院长奖获得者启动基金项目
【CateGory Index】: P642.22
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