ANALYSIS OF FOUR NEW DRUGS ABUSE IN BEIJING
ZHANG Yuzhu, WANG Yanfen, ZENG Heng(The Compulsory Administration Treatment Department Affiliated toBeijing Public Security Bureau,Beijing,101300)
Objective:To understand the situation of new drug abuse in Beijing area and provide data for effective prevention and intervention on new drug abuse. Methods:An investigation on new drug abuse was conducted among drug users recruited by the Compulsory Administration Treatment Department from Aug. 2007 to March 2008 with questionnaires on "Ice" (methamphitamine), "Yaotouwan" (MDMA), "Magu" (a mixture) and "K Fen" (ketimine) designed by National Institute on Drug Dependence, Peking University. Data collected were recorded and analyzed by EpiData 3.1 and SPSS 11.5 for Windows, respectively. Results:Totally 344 cases used new drugs, among them 40.4%(139/344) used "Ice" mainly, 18.0%(62/344) used "Yaotouwan",19.5%(67/344) used "K Fen",22.1%(76/344) used "Magu" . Of the 139 "Ice" users, 41.0% used together with "Magu" ; and of 62 "Yaotouwan" users, 80.6% co-used "K Fen" . No difference was observed in sex distribution among new drug abusers(χ2=1.208, P0.05). For age distribution, 21-40 a users were in the dominate(90.4%,311/344); 273 cases(79.6%)had an education of senior high school or lower;the majority was Han people ( 93.3%,318/344);self-employed, no job or unemployed accounted for 68.5%(235 cases);220(64.1%)were single. Curiosity (47.3%) was the main reason for initial use and looking for euphoria and getting out of annoyance (58.1%)were some reasons using now. Administration routes: for "Ice" (98.6%) and "Magu" (88.2%) mainly chasing dragon;for "Yaotouwan" (96.8%) taken orally and for "K Fen" (91.0%) usually snorting. Place for abuse:for "Ice" and "Magu" used mainly at home or hotel(59.7%,27.3%;59.2%,25.0%); "Yaotouwan" and "K Fen" use happened mainly in song and dance halls and night clubs(66.1%,35.5%;55.2%,43.3%). Drug source: get from friends or relatives(57.1%,196/343) and black markets(39.4%,135/343). The users experienced excitement, insomnia, weight loss, no strength at every pore, sexual impulse, sex violence and uncontrolled motion (fight). Conclusion:Situation of new drug abuse in Beijing area can not be neglected;the proportions of men and women in new drug abusers are almost the same size;young and middle aged people who have no spouse and jobs or self-employed, especially women are high risk group of new drug abusers. We suggest that prevention education on new drug abuse be enhanced in public and administration for creational settings be strengthened.