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The literary and colloquial readings in Modern Beijing Mandarin:distinguishing between the old and new layers

Chen Chongyu  
Contrary to the apparent consensus among Chinese historical phonologists and dialectologists,this paper argues that in Modern Beijing Mandarin the literary readings are the old layer, and thecolloquial readings, the new layer. Although evidence is drawn only from readings that contain a[ + / - ending] contrast, the conclusion should apply to pairs that do not contain such a contrastas well. This paper first establishes that when the afore-mentioned contrast obtains, the readingswith a vocalic ending are the colloquial layer and the ones without, the literary layer. Three typesof evidence converge to prove that the [ + ending] colloquial layer has indeed evolved from the [ -ending] literary layer: (1) evidence of patterns of sound change from Middle Chinese to ModernBeijing Mandarin (changes in characters from the same phonetic series and characters that carriedboth Ru and non-Ru tones), (2) the correspondences between [ + / - ending] readings andModern Beijing tones, (3) the new and old readings in relation to syllable structures.
【CateGory Index】: H116
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 4 Hits
1 LI Sha(School for Overseas Students,Fujian Normal University,Fuzhou 350007, China);A Study of the Application of Neutral Tone in Mandarin from the Perspective of Linguistics[J];Journal of Yunnan Normal University;2006-01
2 Hirayama, Hisao;A diachronic study of a type of Pekinese tone-sandhi co-ocurring with retroflexation[J];;2000-05
3 Gao Xiaohong;Tones Evolution of Ancient Rusheng Characters with Voiceless Initials in Beijing Dialect[J];Language Teaching and Linguistic Studies;2003-04
4 ;The Evolution of Ru-sheng Characters of Voiceless Initialsin Beijing Dialect in the past Two Centuries[J];Language Teaching and Linguistic Studies;2006-03
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 YIN Shu-lin (College of Chinese Language and Literature, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China);Another Discussion about Literay and Colloquial Readings and Phonetic Strata[J];Journal of Fujian Normal University(Philosophy and Social Sciences Edtion);2005-04
2 Chen Hui;The Phonological Analysis of the Linwu (Maishi) Tuhua in Hu'nan Province[J];Fangyan(Dialect);2002-02
3 Bao Houxing;Classification of Dong'an Tuhua in south Hu'nan[J];Fangyan(Dialect);2002-03
4 Peng Zerun;Phonological features of the Dadiling dialect in Yizhang county, Hu'nan province[J];Fangyan(Dialect);2002-03
5 He Kailin;Syllabary of the Daoxian (Shouyan) Pinghua in Hu'nan Province[J];Fangyan(Dialect);2003-01
6 QU Jianhui;Syllabary of the Luxi (Pushi) Dialect in Hunan Province[J];Fangyan(Dialect);2005-01
7 BAO Houxing and CHEN Hui;The Classification of Xiang Group[J];Fangyan(Dialect);2005-03
8 WANG Hua yun (Chinese Department,Huanggang Teachers College,Huanggang 438000, Hubei);Tone changes of classical characters with Entering Tone in Tuanfeng Dialect[J];JOURNAL OF HUANGGANG NORMAL UNIVERSIRT;2000-02
9 LI Xing-hui(Institute of Literature,Central South University,Changsha,410083, China);On the Development of the Entering Tone of Xiang Dialect[J];Journal of Loudi Teachers College;2005-06
10 QIAO Quan-sheng(Center for Dialect Research, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006,China);The Evolvement of Voiced Syllable Initial in Jin Dialect[J];Journal of Shanxi University(Philosophy and Social Sciences);2005-02
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