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《Linguistic Sciences》 2010-04
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The Medials in "er"(儿) Suffixation,Feature Spreading and Two Types of F3 Movement

Zhang Huili Department of Chinese Language and Literature,Peking University,Beijing 100871Department of Linguistics,University of Michigan,Ann Arbor Michigan 48109  
The "er"(儿)suffix in Yanshi Chinese spoken in Henan triggers complicated phonological processes.Based on the analysis of the medials occurring in the "er" suffixation in Yanshi,this article claims that the Yanshi "er" suffixation,like Beijing Chinese,is also resulted from the retroflex feature spreading.Within the theory of "feature spreading",this article draws the specific rules and predicts two types of feature spreading,which is supported by the two movements of F3 of the suffixed syllables.As the representative of all the related dialects formed by immigration in Ming Dynasty,whom still bearing similar characteristics currently,Yanshi "er" suffixation can be used to test relative theories,in terms of which Yanggu and Pingding's "er" suffixation are explained.Further more,this article argues that the coronal specification of the vowels [a] and [] plays an important role in the variation of the distribution of the two F3 movements,by comparing the distributive discrepancies of the F3 movement types between Yanshi and Beijing "er" suffixed syllables.
【CateGory Index】: H172.1
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