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《Quarterly Journal of Applied Meteorlolgy》 2001-04
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ENRICHMENT CHARACTERRISTICS AND ORIGIN OF ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOL ELEMENTS AT MT. WALIGUAN

Wen Yupu Xu Xiaobin Tang Jie (Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081) Zhao Yucheng Zhang Xiaochun (Qinghai Meteorological Bureau, Xining 810001)  
Samples of atmospheric aerosol were collected at Mt. Waliguan (CGAWBO/GAW). The filter samples were analyzed by NAA (neutron activation analysis), PIXE (pro ton induced x-ray emission). The concentrations of 42 trace elements combined w i th the measurements of black carbon were determined. Based on the statistical an alysis of element concentrations, enrichment factors and the principal factor an alysis, combined with the corresponding back trajectory, the elemental compositi ons and the sources of aerosol over Waliguan are discussed. The results indicate that the natural sources identified as major contributors to the aerosol over M t.Waliguan are the soil and crust. The factor analysis shows that the contributi ng rate of these sources accounts for approximately 70% or more of the aerosol. However, anthropogenic origins, such as coal burning, automobile and industrial emissions form a certain proportion of aerosol. The measurement results of the b lack carbon at Waliguan indicate that there exist influences from human activiti es. It is estimated that the pollutants mainly come from the more developed area s in the Qinghai Province and the Hexi Corridor. Both local influences, such as the elements of soil in the adjoining area, and long-range transport of aeroso ls can affect, in varying degrees, the composition of the background aerosol ove r Mt Waliguan.
【Fund】: 科技部G99 A 0 7项目资助
【CateGory Index】: X513
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