Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Journal of Applied Meteorological Science》 2012-01
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

Application of USCRN Station Density Strategy to China Climate Reference Network

Hu Ting~(1)) Zhou Jiangxing~(1)) Dai Kan~(2)) 1)(National Climate Center,Beijing 100081) 2)(National Meteorological Center,Beijing 100081)  
The US Climate Reference Network(USCRN) consists of 114 stations developed,deployed,managed, and maintained by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration(NOAA) in the continental United States for the express purpose of detecting the national signal of climate change,focusing solely on precipitation and temperature.The vision of the USCRN program is to reduce uncertainty and error range envelopes in producing the most precise in situ precipitation and temperature records possible,and to do it with the fewest possible stations located in areas of minimal human disturbance and with the least likelihood of human development over the coming 50-100 years.And the key goal of USCRN is to reduce cli- mate uncertainty at the national level to a statistically insignificant level.That is,for precipitation climate uncertainty should be reduced by 95%and for temperature climate uncertainty at the national level should be reduced by 98%. China is in great need of a sustainable high-quality and long-term climate observation network,especially for areas without observations or with little information.Given the complexity of the network development, the overall structure of the climate network should be analyzed first.Therefore,the minimum number of sites and locations which are able to represent national climate characteristics of China are proposed, on the basis of the equilateral triangular mesh employed by the USCRN,in order to provide preliminary advice for adjustment and optimization of China Climate Reference Network.For the purpose of assessing the performance of the network in addressing this goal,the coefficient of determination(r~2) is used as the performance measure(PM).This PM is an assessment of how closely the current and past configuration of the network captures the true national temperature and precipitation signal as defined by an area-averaged time series of annual temperature and precipitation derived from 2416 China observing stations scattered across the continental China.The result is an explained variance that measures how closely the network's time series follows the true time series. Employing the USCRN standard that coefficient of determination exceeds 98%for precipitation and exceeds 95%for temperature,the 2416 stations in the conterminous China are investigated over the period of 1966-1995.Results indicate that China Climate Observing System should consist of at least 103 quasiuniformly distributed stations on a 3.0°equilateral triangular grid in order to reproduce inter-annual variability in temperature and precipitation all over China.And on this structure,the new network will be established after surveys,approval or disapproval assessment,test and evaluation periods for each site at each geographic location.On the other hand,China Climate Reference Network may be adjusted and improved on the basis of the existing observing systems.The optimized network consists of 229 quasi-uniformly distributed stations on a 2.0°triangular grid,founded by the existing 199 stations and 30 new-established stations.The expected new-established stations are mainly located in the southwestern part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau,where will be the key areas in the network establishment.Based on the actual history of USCRN establishment,the final climate observing network of China may be formed by less than 103 or 229 stations.
【Fund】: 公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY200906041)
【CateGory Index】: P409
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 5 Hits
1 Wu Zengxiang(National Meteorological Information Center, Beijing 100081);PRELIMINARY ANALYSES OF THE INFORMATION ON METEOROLOGICAL STATION HISTORICAL EVOLUTION AND ITS IMPACTS ON HOMOGENEITY OF OBSERVATIONAL RECORDS[J];Quarterly Journal of Applied Meteorology;2005-04
2 Zhang Renhe(State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather,Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences,Beijing 100081);Climate Observing System and Related Crucial Issues[J];Journal of Applied Meteorological Science;2006-06
3 Hu Ting1)2) Sun Zhaobo1)2) Zhang Haidong2)3) 1)(Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster,Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology,Nanjing 210044) 2)(Department of Atmospheric Science,Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology,Nanjing 210044) 3)(National Climate Center,Beijing 100081);Spatial/Temporal Variations and Trends of Aerosol Optical Depth at 380nm Wavelength in China During 1980—2001[J];Journal of Applied Meteorological Science;2008-05
4 Liu Haiwen~(1)2)) Ding Yihui~(3)) 1)(Plateau Atmospheric and Environmental Research Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu University of Information Technology,Chengdu 610225) 2)(State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029) 3)(National Climate Center,Beijing 100081);The Interdecadal Variability of Summer Precipitation over North China[J];Journal of Applied Meteorological Science;2011-02
5 Zhou Guohua~(1)2))Wang Panxing~(1))Luo Xiaoli~(1)3))Xie Yaoyao~(1)) 1)(College of Atmospheric Sciences,Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology,Nanjing 210044) 2)(Yangzhou Meteorological Bureau of Jiangsu,Yangzhou 225009) 3)(Chongzuo Meteorological Bureau of Guangxi,Chongzuo 530022);Characteristics of Surface Air Temperature Anomalies in China Based on Observations at 160 Stations[J];Journal of Applied Meteorological Science;2011-03
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 ZHANG Fu-rong et al (Chaoyang Meteorological Bureau of Liaoning Province,Chaoyang,Liaoning 122000);Change Tend and Main Occurrence Causes of Sand-dust Climate in Chaoyang Region in Recent 50 Years[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2010-22
2 ZHANG Kai-rong et al (Benxi Meteorological Bureau of Liaoning Province,Benxi,Liaoning 117000);Records and Disaster Assessment of Typhoons in East Hainan Island in Recent 50 Years[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2010-23
3 LI Huai-zhi (Weather Modification Operation Command Center of Guizhou Province,Guiyang,Guizhou 550002);Brief Analysis of Climate Changes in Recent 50 Years[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2010-36
4 LIU Jing-shi~(1), WEI Wen-shou~(2), HUANG Yu-ying~(3), SHANG Si-cheng~(3)(1.Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100085,China;2.Institute of Desert Meteorology,China Meteorological Adminstration,rümqi Xinjiang 830000,China;3.Hydrology and Water Resources Bureau of Xinjiang,rümqi Xinjiang 830000,China);Hydrological Response of Winter Streamflow to Climate Change and Permafrost Degradation in Manas Watershed,Tianshan Mountains[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2006-05
5 LIU Wei-gang~(1), REN Jia-wen~(1), QIN Xiang~(1), LIU Jing-shi~(2)(1.Key Laboratory of Cryosphere and Environment,CAREERI,CAS,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China;2.Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100085,China);A Study of Hydrological Process around Rongbuk Glacier,Mt.Qomolangma[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2006-05
6 LI Zong-xing1,HE Yuan-qing1,JIA Wen-xiong1,PANG Hong-xi1,HE Xian-zhong1,WANG Shi-jin1,ZHANG Ning-ning1,ZHANG Wen-jing2,LIU Qiao2,XIN Hui-juan1(1.State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences/Yulong Mountain Glaciers and Environmental Obsevation Station,CAREERI,CAS,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China;2.Chengdu Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment Chinese Academy of Sciences,Chengdu Sichuan 610041,China);Changes in Hailuogou Glacier during the Recent 100 Years under Global Warming[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2009-01
7 YOU Guang-yong1,2;ZHANG Yi-ping1,3,4;LIU Yu-hong1,3,4;GONG He-de1,2,3,4;LUO You-yong5.1 Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology,Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Kunming,650223,P.R.China;2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing,100049,P.R.China;3 Ailaoshan Station for Subtropical Forest Ecosystem Studies(ASSFE),CAS,Jingdong,676209,P.R.China;4 Ailaoshan National Ecosystem Observation Research Network Station,CERN,Jingdong,676209,P.R.China;5 Jingdong Bureau of National Nature Reserve,Jingdong,676209,P.R.China.;Characteristics and trend of soil temperature in subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forests in Mt. Ailaoshan[J];Journal of Beijing Forestry University;2011-02
8 SUN Shu1 WANG Cheng-shan2(1.Institute of Geology and Geophysics Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029;2.Colledge of Geoscience and Resources,Research Center of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Geology,China University of Geoscience(Beijing),Beijing 100083);Deep Time and Sedimentology[J];Acta Sedimentologica Sinica;2009-05
9 LIU Huan-bin (South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China);Review on saving energy and reducing discharge of China paper industry in low-carbon economy perspective[J];China Pulp & Paper Industry;2009-12
10 PU Zong-chao1,ZHANG Shan-qing1,2(1.Urumqi Meteorological Bureau of Xinjiang,Urumqi 830001,China;2.Atmospheric Science Institute,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou 730002,China);The effects of climate changes on the net primary productivity of natural vegetation in Tianshan Mountains[J];Pratacultural Science;2009-02
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 ZHAO Shao-hua~(1,2)FAN Tong~1 YANG Yong-hui~1 QIU Guo-yu~2 LI Chun-qiang~3 (1.Agricultural Resources Research Center,Institute of Genetic and Developmental Biology,Chinese Academy of Sciences;Hebei Key Laboratory of Water-Saving Agriculture,Shijiazhuang 050021,China; 2.Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster,Ministry of Education of China Beijing Normal University/ College of Resources Science and Technology,Beijing Normal University; 3.Institute of Meteorology Sciences of Hebei Province);Spatial and Temporal Variations of Climate in Recent 34 Years in Hebei Plain[A];[C];2006
2 Guo Xue-Mei1,2 and Ren Guo-Yu2 1 Shanxi Provincial Meteorological Bureau,Taiyuan 030002 2 Laboratory for Climate Studies,China Meteorological Administration,National Climate Center,Beijing 100081;Temporal trend of diurnal temperature range In Shan Xi Province and its causes[A];[C];2007
3 Zhang Shanqing 1,2 Wang Xiaomei 3 Tian Huiping 2 Song Liangluan 4 Pan Sufei 4 (1. Lanzhou University,Lanzhou 730002,China 2.Urumqi Meteorological Bureau, Xinjiang 830002; 3.Xinjiang Center of Environmental Meteorology .Xinjiang83001;4.Turpan Meteorological Bureau.Xinjiang Turpan 838000);Influence of Temperature Changes to Ligneous Plants Spring Phonology in Turpan Region[A];[C];2008
4 You Guangyong1,4, Zhang Yiping1,2,3, Liu Yuhong1,2,3, Gong Hede1,2,3, Luo Youyong5 1. Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanic Garden, CAS, Kunming 650223, China; 2. Ailaoshan Station for Subtropical Forest Ecosystem Studies (ASSFE), CAS, Jingdong Yunnan 676209 China; 3. Ailaoshan National Ecosystem Observation Research Network Station, CERN, Jingdong Yunnan 676209, China; 4. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 5. Jingdong Bureau of National Nature Reserve, Jingdong, Yunnan 676209, China;The characteristics and long term trends of Ailaoshan subtropical montane broad-leaved forest both on glade and inter forest[A];[C];2009
5 Zhang Yiping1,2,3, You Guangyong1,4, Sha Liqing1,2,3, Liu Yuhong1,2,3, Gong Hede1,2,3,4, Tan Zhenghong1,4, Luo Youyong5 1. Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanic Garden, CAS, Kunming 650223, China; 2. Ailaoshan Station for Subtropical Forest Ecosystem Studies (ASSFE), CAS, JingdongYunnan 676209 China;3. Ailaoshan National Ecosystem Observation Research Network Station, CERN, Jingdong Yunnan 676209, China; 4. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 5. Jingdong Bureau of National Nature Reserve, Jingdong, Yunnan 676209, China;Soil temperature trend in a primary subtropical forest and its implication on soil respiration[A];[C];2009
6 Zhang Kai-rong1 Song Chang-yuan1 Chen Yu-xiang2 (1. Benxi Meteorological Bureau of Liaoning Province,Benxi,Liaoning 117000;2.College of Harbor,Coastal and Offshore Engineering,Hohai University,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210098);The Records and Disaster Assessment of Typhoons in East Hainan Island in Recent 50 Years[A];[C];2010
7 ZHAO Yong ZHANG Zhan-shi (East China Institute of Technology, Fuzhou,JX 344000);Climate Change Research Methods and Its Significance in the Study of Choosing Candidate Site in Nuclear Waste Disposal Sites[A];[C];2008
8 LI Zhen1,2,YAN Zhongwei1 ,TU Kai1 ,LIU Weidong3and WANG Yingchun4 1Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment in Temperate East Asia,Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029 2Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049 3Institute of Urban Meteorology,China Meteorological Administration,Beijing 100089 4Beijing Meteorological Bureau,Beijing 100089;Changes of wind speed and extremes in Beijing during 1960-2008 based on homogenized observations[A];[C];2010
9 Ren Shu-xia1 Li Fei2 Song Jing2 Bei Xue 2 Ban Xin1 Zhu Yun-feng1 (1 Lianyungang Meteorological Bureau,Lianyungang,JiangSu,222006;2 Shenyang Climate Center,Shenyang,LiaoNing 110016;3 Jiangsu Meteorological Bureau,Nanjin,JiangSu,210008);characteristics and causes of the abnormal low temperature in April 2010 of Huaibei area[A];[C];2011
10 WangYi-rong1,2 ZHangSu-yu1 (1.Institute of Arid Meteorology;CMA;Key laboratory of Arid Climatic Change and Reducing Disaster of Gansu Province;Key Open Laboratory of Arid Climatic Change and Disaster Reduction of CMA;Lanzhou 730020;China;2.Meteorological Bureau of Dingxi,Dingxi 743000,China);The sensitivity of six-evil evolvement over china[A];[C];2011
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 BY COCHING CHU;The Enigma of Southeast Monsoon in China.[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;1934-01
2 Guo Qiyun Wang Jiqin (Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica);INTERANNUAL VARIATIONS OF RAIN SPELL DURINGPREDOMINANT SUMMER MONSOON OVER CHINAFOR RECENT THIRTY YEARS[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;1981-02
3 Luo Yunfeng and Lu Daren(Institute of Atmospheric physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029)Zhou Xiuji and Li Weiliang(Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081);Analyses on the Spatial Distribution of Aerosol Optical Depth over China in Recent 30 Years[J];Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences;2002-06
4 Zhang Junhua, Si Zhaojun, Mao Jietai, and Wang Meihua (Department of Atmospheric Sciences, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871);Remote Sensing Aerosol Optical Depth over China with GMS-5 Satellite[J];Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences;2003-01
5 BAO MingCenter for Monsoon System Research,Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100080;The Statistical Analysis of the Persistent Heavy Rain in the Last 50 Years over China and Their Backgrounds on the Large Scale Circulation[J];Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences;2007-05
6 YU Rucong1,2,ZHOU Tianjun1,LI Jian1,2,and XIN Xiaoge11 State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics,Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029 2 State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather,Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences,Beijing 100081;Progress in the Studies of Three-Dimensional Structure of Interdecadal Climate Change over Eastern China[J];Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences;2008-04
7 ZHOU Tianjun,LI Lijuan,LI Hongmei,and BAO Qing State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics,Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029;Progress in Climate Change Attribution and Projection Studies[J];Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences;2008-04
8 LIU Haiwen1, 2 and DING Yihui31 Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081 2 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044 3 National Climate Center, Beijing 100081;Analysis of Daily Precipitation Characteristics over North China during Rainy Seasons[J];Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences;2010-01
9 Zhou Xiuji, Li Weiliang (Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing100081) Luo Yunfeng (Department of Geophysics, Peking University, Beijing100871);Numerical Simulation of the Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Regional Climate Effect over China[J];SCIENTIA ATMOSPHERICA SINICA;1998-04
10 Fu Congbin, Wei Helin and Chen Ming (Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100029) Su BinKai, Zhao Ming and Zheng Weizhong (Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing210093);Simulation of the Evolution of Summer Monsoon Rainbelts over Eastern China from Regional Climate Model[J];SCIENTIA ATMOSPHERICA SINICA;1998-04
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved