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《Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology》 2002-10
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Effect of FACE on competition between a C_3 crop (rice,Oryza sativa) and a C_4 weed (barnyardgrass,Echinochloa crusgalli).

ZENG Qing,ZHU Jianguo,LIU Gang,Han Yong,ZHANG Yali, XIE ZhuBin, MA Hongliang, CHENG Lei(Laboratory of Material Cycling in Pedosphere, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008)  
The growth and competition of a C 3 crop rice and a C 4 weed, barnyardgrass under FACE(free-air carbon dioxide enrichment) conditions were studied by field experiment. The results showed that under FACE condition,the biomass and yield,leaf number, tiller number,and leaf area index of rice increased, while those of barnyardgrass decreased.Both of the leaf area indexed of rice and barnyardgrass were decreased, while their net assimilation rate increased. When the ratio of planting density of rice and barnyardgrass was 1∶1, all of the ratio of biomass, yield, leaf area index, tiller and net assimilation rate were increased under FACE condition. It indicated that the competition between rice and barnyardgrass changed under FACE condition. The competition ability of rice(C 3 crop) was enhanced relatively, while that of barnyardgrass weakened.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新重要方向项目 (KZCX2 40 8);; 国家自然科学基金重大国际合作研究资助项目 (4 0 12 0 14 0 817) .
【CateGory Index】: S511
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