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《Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology》 2008-07
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Leaf water potential of spring wheat and field pea under different tillage patterns and its relationships with environmental factors

ZHANG Ming,ZHANG Ren-zhi,CAI Li-qun(College of Resources and Environmental Sciences,Gansu Agricultural University,Lanzhou 730070,China)  
Based on a long-term experiment,the leaf water potential of spring wheat and field pea,its relationships with environmental factors,and the diurnal variations of leaf relative water content and water saturation deficient under different tillage patterns were studied.The results showed that during whole growth period,field pea had an obviously higher leaf water potential than spring wheat,but the two crops had similar diurnal variation trend of their leaf water potential,i.e.,the highest in early morning,followed by a descent,and a gradual ascent after the descent.For spring wheat,the maximum leaf water potential appeared at its jointing and heading stages,followed by at booting and flowering stages,and the minimum appeared at filling stage.For field pea,the maximum leaf water potential achieved at squaring stage,followed by at branching and flowering stages,and the minimum was at podding stage.The leaf relative water content of spring wheat was the highest at heading stage,followed by at jointing and flowering stages,and achieved the minimum at filling stage;while the water saturation deficient was just in adverse.With the growth of field pea,its leaf relative water content decreased,but leaf water saturation deficient increased.The leaf water potential of both spring wheat and field pea had significant correlations with environmental factors,including soil water content,air temperature,solar radiation,relative air humidity,and air water potential.Path analysis showed that the meteorological factor which had the strongest effect on the diurnal variation of spring wheat's and field pea's leaf water potential was air water potential and air temperature,respectively.Compared with conventional tillage,the protective tillage patterns no-till,no-till plus straw mulching,and conventional tillage plus straw returning increased the leaf water potential and relative water content of test crops,and the effect of no-till plus straw mulching was most significant.
【Fund】: 澳大利亚国际农业研究中心(ACIAR)合作项目(SMCN(LWR2)/1999/094);; 国家科技支撑计划资助项目(2006BAD15B06)
【CateGory Index】: S512.1;S643.3
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