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《Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology》 2011-07
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Effects of conservation tillage on soil water conservation and crop yield of winter wheat-spring maize rotation field in Weibei highland

ZHANG Li-hua1,LI Jun1,JIA Zhi-kuan1,LIU Bing-feng1,ZHAO Hong-li1,SHANG Jin-xia2(1College of Agronomy,Northwest A & F University,Yangling 712100,Shaanxi,China;2College of Forestry,Northwest A & F University,Yangling 712100,Shaanxi,China)  
A field experiment was conducted in 2007-2010 to study the effects of no-tillage,sub-soiling,and deep-ploughing combined with balanced fertilization,traditional fertilization,and no(or lower amount) fertilization on the soil water storage,crop yield,water use efficiency(WUE),and economic return of winter wheat-spring maize rotation field in Weibei highland.Among the tillage measures,no-tillage in fallow period had the best effect in soil water conservation,followed by sub-soiling,and deep-ploughing.The average water storage in 0-200 cm soil layer in crop growth period under no-tillage and sub-soiling was 6.7% and 1.9% higher than that under deep-ploughing,respectively.Under the balanced,traditional,and no(or lower amount) fertilizations,sub-soiling all showed the highest yield,WUE,and economic return,with the best effect under balanced fertilization.The three-year crop yield under sub-soiling combined with balanced fertilization was 6909,9689,and 5589 kg·hm-2,WUE was 18.5,25.2,and 23.0 kg·hm-2·mm-1,and economic return was 5034,5045,and 7098 yuan·hm-2,respectively.It was suggested that balanced fertilization combined with sub-soiling had the best effect in soil water conservation and yield-and income increase,being the more appropriate fertilization and tillage mode for the wheat-maize rotation field in Weibei highland.
【Fund】: “十一五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2006BAD29B03);; 农业公益性行业科研专项(200803028);; 国家自然科学基金项目(30771280 31071374)资助
【CateGory Index】: S512.11;S513
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