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《Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology》 2014-12
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Distribution characteristics and source apportionment of dichloro-diphenyl-tricgloroethanes in Zhangjiang River Estuary of Fujian,China

LUO Dong-lian;Fisheries Research Institute of Fujian;  
The concentration,distribution and transfer of dichloro-diphenyl-tricgloroethanes( DDTs)in the surface layer water,sediments and aquatic organisms from the Zhangjiang River Estuary were investigated using GC-ECD method. The possible sources were assessed based on the distribution and composition characteristics of DDTs together with the investigation results of dicofol. The results showed that the concentration of DDTs in surface layer water ranged from ND( not detected) to20. 1 ng·L- 1with an average of 10. 5 ng·L- 1in dry period,from ND to 45. 2 ng·L- 1with an average of 28. 3 ng·L- 1in wet period,and from ND to 18. 8 ng·L- 1with an average of 5. 03 ng·L- 1in level period. Concentration of DDTs in surface sediment( dry mass) ranged from 1. 87 ng·g- 1to144 ng·g- 1with an average of 17. 3 ng·g- 1,and that in 11 species of aquatic organisms ranged from 1. 09 ng·g- 1to 432 ng·g- 1with an average of 37. 0 ng·g- 1. Compared to other areas,the residues of DDTs in the Zhangjiang River Estuary were at the medium level. The accumulation factors of DDTs in sediment and aquatic organisms were 1185 and 2534,respectively. The capacities for DDTs accumulation were in the order of fish shellfish shrimp aquatic plants. The concentrations of DDTs showed downtrend along the Zhangjiang River,indicating that the residues of DDTs mainly came from terrigenous pollution rather than from the release of antifouling agent of ships.Based on the composition profile,DDTs mainly came from the early residues. However,the highest value of dicofol was recently detected both in the water and sediment of Y8 station,which suggested that new DDTs inputs at the Y8 station might be related to the recent usage of dicofol.
【Fund】: 国家海洋局海洋公益性行业科研专项(201305043-4 201205009-4);; 福建省渔业“五新”科技推广项目(闽海渔五新合同[2012]001号)资助
【CateGory Index】: X52
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