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《Acta Horticulturae Sinica》 1964-04
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ROSES OF CHINA AND ROSES OF EUROPE

Leou Tze-ming (Hunan Agricultural College)  
From ancient time different species and varieties of roses have been cultivated and developed in China. During 18th century, many species of roses originated in China, including Tea-scented Rose (Rosa odorata), Chinese Rose (Rosa chinensis) and many others, were introduced into Europe. As soon as the above Chinese native roses were introduced into Europe, European Rose amateurs and hybridists gave much attention to the superior characters of these species. They carried out numerous interspecific crosses and back crosses. And as a result of their hybridization, many new types of roses have been brought forth, including more than 20 classes and 15,000-16,000 garden varieties. In this paper, 15 most important species and varieties are described briefly, 10 of them being of Chinese origin. All the most important classes of modern roses are discussed ac-cording to the proable steps involved in their origin by successive hybridization.
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